Questions related to facts about India is an important part in the Secretariat Asst and other examinations. Questions connected with Constitution of India, Freedom Struggle, National Movement, Geography of India- Physical Features- Climate-Soils- Rivers- Famous Sites , Demography- Economic and Social Development-Poverty Alleviation-Economy and Planning-, History of India, Culture, Cinema, Books and writers etc may be asked.  

Prof. Karthikeyan 

1. Which is the highest mountain peak in India?

Ans: Kangchenjunga

2. Which is the largest museum in India?

Ans: Indian Museum, Kolkata

3. Who is regarded as the first great leader of modern India?

Ans: Raja Ram Mohan Roy

4. Who became the President of Indian National Congress for the longest continuous period before independence?

Ans: Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

5. Which is India’s smallest state by area?

Ans: Goa

6. Which is the most populated state of India as per 2011 census?

Ans: Uttar Pradesh

7. What was the post held by Gandhiji in Natal Indian Congress in South Africa?

Ans: Honorary Secretary

8. Who authored Gandhiji’s favourite prayer ‘Vaishnava Janato’?

Ans: Narasimha Mehta

9. Who was the Viceroy when Indian Penal Code was brought into effect?

Ans: Lord Canning

10. In which year Mahathma Gandhi became the president of Indian National Congress:

Ans: 1924

11. Which is the largest prison in India?

Ans: Tihar jail

12. Which is India’s largest state by area?

Ans: Rajasthan

13. Jawaharlal Nehru attended Congress session as a delegate for the first time in 1912. It was held at:

Ans: Bankipur

14. Jawaharlal Nehru became the President of the Indian National Congress for the first time in:

Ans: 1929

15. Who was the Viceroy when Queen Victoria was declared as the Empress of India in 1877?

Ans: Lytton

16. In India, the death anniversary of Gandhiji is observed as:

Ans: Martyrs day

17. The famous leader whose birth day falls on the birth day of Lal Bahadur Shastri:

Ans: Gandhiji

18. Who was the Congress president when Jawaharlal Nehru was appointed as the chairman of the National Planning Committee constituted by INC?

Ans: Subhas Chandra Bose

19. Who was selected as the second person to observe individual satyagraha in 1940:

Ans: Jawaharlal Nehru

20. Jawaharlal Nehru Port is situated at:

Ans: Mumbai

21. Who founded Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan?

Ans: K.M.Munshi

23. Which is the largest freshwater lake in India?

Ans: Kolleru lake, Andhra Pradesh

24. Which is the largest library in India?

Ans: National library of India, Kolkata

25. The first modern paper mill in India was established in Saharanpur in ……….. in 1832.

Ans: West Bengal

26. Who repealed the Vernacular Press Act?

Ans: Lord Ripon

27. Jawaharlal Nehru was born in 1889 at:

Ans: Allahabad

28. Which state was given the status of ‘Associate State’ in 1974?

Ans: Sikkim

29. Who was the President of Indian National Congress during the Quit India movement?

Ans: Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

30. Which was the first General Post Office opened in India?

Ans: Chennai

31. Which is the largest General Post Office (GPO) in India?

Ans: Mumbai

32. Which commission was enquired into the assassination of Indira Gandhi?

Ans: Thakkar Commission

33. Which portfolio was taken over by Jawaharlal Nehru from VK Krishna Menon in the wake of Chinese aggression of 1962?

Ans: Defense

34. Birla House, where Gandhiji was assassinated, is in:

Ans: Delhi

35. Which is the largest planetarium in India?

Ans: Birla Planetarium, Kolkata

36. Which is the largest plateau in India?

Ans: Deccan plateau

37. For how many days Gandhiji was imprisoned in South Africa?

Ans: 249

38. In his life, Gandhiji was undergone imprisonment for ……….. days.

Ans: 2338

39. Jawaharlal Nehru met Gandhiji for the first time at the Lucknow session of Indian National Congress held in the year ………….

Ans: 1916

40. Subash Chandra Bose became the President of Indian National Congress for the first time in:

Ans: 1938

41. The journals ‘Al Hilal’ and ‘Al Balal’ were launched by:

Ans: Abul Kalam Azad

42. In which railway station of South Africa, Gandhiji was thrown out of a train?

Ans: Petermaritzberg

43. Who was the president of India when Bangladesh was formed in 1971:

Ans: V.V.Giri

44. Lal Bahadur Shastri is the first Prime Minister to born in 20th century. He was born in:

Ans: 1904

45. The jurist who gave verdict in Gandhi assassination Case:

Ans: Atmacharan Aggarwal

46. The second President of Indian National Congress:

Ans: Dadabhai Navroji

47. The Mauryan emperor who gave attention to Municipal administration:

Ans: Chandragupta Maurya

48. Which is the tallest medieval building in India?

Ans: Qutb Minar, Delhi (73 m, 239 ft)

49. Which is the largest mosque in India?

Ans: Jama Masjid, Delhi

50. The Viceroy when Rowlatt Act was passed?

Ans: Lord Chelmsford

51. Which event in Buddha’s life is symbolized by Stupa?

Ans: Mahaparinirvana

52. Green Revolution in India is also known as:

Ans: Seed, fertilizer and irrigation revolution

53. The first jute mill in India was established in 1854 at Rishra near………..

Ans: Kolkata

54. The Indo-Gangetic Plains are formed by the basins of three distinct river systems. Which are they?

Ans: The Indus, the Ganges and the Brahmaputra.

55. What forms the southern point of the Peninsular plateau?

Ans: Nilgiri Hills

56. Which among the following is regarded as a continuation of the Western Ghats?

Ans: Cardamom Hills

57. The industry which laid the foundation of industrialization in India:

Ans: Cotton textiles

58. The method of election of Indian President has been copied from:

Ans: Ireland

59. The only Indian state that has its own constitution:

Ans: Jammu & Kashmir

60. The post of speaker of Lok Sabha has been copied from:

Ans: Britain

61. The system of Parliamentary Government has been copied from:

Ans: Britain

62. The system that the head of the state is a part of parliament has been copied from:

Ans: Britain

63. The tenure of member of Legislative Assembly is …… years.

Ans: Five

64. The tenure of the president of India is …… years.

Ans: 5

65. Union Territory in South India to have Legislative Assembly:

Ans: Puducherry

66. What is referred to as an ‘epitome’ of the broad features of the Constitution?

Ans: Preamble

67. What is regarded as the corner stone of modern democracy?

Ans: Magna Carta

67. Which Article of the Constitution deals with special provisions regarding Jammu and Kashmir?

Ans: 370

68. Which Article of the Constitution is related to ‘Abolition of untouchability’?

Ans: 17

69. Which Article of the Constitution is related to ‘Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment’?

Ans: 16

70. The preamble of the Constitution begins with:

Ans: We, the people of India………

71. The preamble of the Constitution came into force on:

Ans: 26th January 1950

72. The procedure for removing the President of India, if he violates the Constitution:

Ans: Impeachment

73. The procedure of election of members to the upper house has been copied from:

Ans: South Africa

74. The idea of Fundamental Rights has been copied from:

Ans: USA

75. The idea of impeachment of President has been copied from:

Ans: USA

76. President of India is empowered to declare how many types of emergency?

Ans: 3

77. Rule of law has been copied from:

Ans: Britain

78. The distribution of powers between centre and states has been copied from:

Ans: Canada

79. The executive powers of the union of India is vested with:

Ans: President

80. The idea of advisory jurisdiction of Supreme Court has been copied from:

Ans: Canada

81. The idea of appointment of Governors of States by the centre has been copied from:

Ans: Canada

82. The idea of Parliamentary privileges has been copied from:

Ans: Britain

83. The idea of placing the residuary powers with the centre was influenced by the Constitution of:

Ans: Canada

84. The idea of post of Vice President has been copied from:

Ans: USA

85. The idea of prerogative writs has been copied from:

Ans: Britain

86. The idea of President as the nominal head of the state has been copied from:

Ans: Britain

87. Which part of the Constitution deals with Elections?

Ans: Part XV

88. Which part of the Constitution is dealt with States and Union Territories?

Ans: Part I

89. Which Schedule contains Panchayat Raj?

Ans: 11th

90. How much of the total members of Rajya Sabha is elected every two years?

Ans: 1/3

91. Which is called House of Elders?

Ans: Rajya Sabha

92. A money bill sent to Rajya Sabha should be returned to the lower house within ………days.

Ans: 14

93. The first joint sitting of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha was held in the year:

Ans: 1961

94. Who wrote the book “What Congress and Gandhi have done to untouchables’?

Ans: B R Ambedkar

95. Which is the first iron bridge of India?

Ans: Lohe ka pul (Old Yamuna bridge), Delhi

96. The objective resolution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on:

Ans: 22nd January 1947

97. The tenure of member of Lok Sabha is ……….years.

Ans: 5

98. As per the provisions of the Constitution the number of members of Lok Sabha is limited as:

Ans: 552

99. Who is known as the father of Indian industry:

Ans: Jamshedji Tata

100. Whom the British called ‘the father of Indian unrest’?

Ans: Bal Gangadhar Tilak